Tests for these nutrients can done through simple bloodwork.
NOTE that several mention things such as skin sensitivity, confusion,
muscle weakness, loss of taste, etc..........a lot of common symptons
Will repeat my 15 year old wish: WILL THE SCIENTIST PLEASE determine
what are the "normal" levels for these, electrolytes, etc. in pHD's!!!
It is my belief they are probably different therefore it can be dangerous
to have people with HD tested and diagnosed based on the "norm"
levels for non-HD
I found this interesting and good to have on hand!
Vitamin deficiencies (extremely low levels) and even poor
intake of some vitamins can affect resistance to infections,
risk of birth defects, and risk of diseases such as cancer,
heart disease, and osteoporosis (thinning of the bones).
On the other hand, too much of certain vitamins, especially
A and D, results in toxicity, which causes bad effects such
as headache, nausea, and diarrhea. Be sure to tell your doctor
if you are taking any vitamin supplements.
Biotin - anorexia, nausea, dry scaly dermatitis
Chromium - glucose intolerance, abnormal lipid metabolism,
Cobalt - glossitis, anaemia
Copper - neutropenia, leukopenia, failure of erythropoiesis,
(high serum cholesterol-if caused by high zinc intake),
Folic acid - megaloblastic anemia, diarrhoea, fatigue,
confusion, forgetfulness, depression,
dementia, apathy, insomnia, irritability,
Iodine - increase in blood lipids, thyroid enlargement
Iron - decreased hematocrit, anaemia, immune suppression
Magnesium - muscle weakness, muscle cramps, constipation,
oxidative stress, immune suppression,
Manganese - impaired central nervous system, defects in lipid
and carbohydrate metabolism, immune suppression
Nickel - anaemia
Pantothenate - epigastric distress, anorexia, numbness,
tingling in hands and feet
Potassium - weight loss, growth retardation
Selenium - cardiac myopathy, pancreas degeneration, red blood
cell fragility, oxidative stress, immune suppression
Vitamin B1 - mental confusion, weakness, anorexia
Vitamin B2 - edema of pharyngeal and oral mucous membranes
Vitamin B3 - diarrhoea, mental confusion, glossitis, poor glucose
Vitamin B6 - dermatitis, glossitis, immune suppression, neuropathy
Vitamin B12 - megaloblastic anaemia, peripheral nerve degeneration,
mental dysfunction, anorexia, glossitis, elevated mean corpuscularvolume
(MCJ9, neutropenia, low folate utilization, skin sensitivity,immune suppression
Vitamin C - appetite loss, fatigue, bleeding gums, capillary
rupture, immune suppression
Vitamin E - neuropathy, myopathy, oxidative stress,
Zinc - immune suppression, oxidative stress, poor growth,
poor wound healing, anorexia, abnormal taste and smell,
anaemia, skin inflammation, low plasma zinc levels.
Vitamin K - defective blood clotting
Good article on B-12
Hematologic and neuropsychiatric manifestations can occur
simultaneously, in sequence, or independently (tables 2 and 3).
They may resemble typical complaints of aging, such as fatigue,
weakness, loss of memory, and depression. When these symptoms
occur in the elderly, vitamin B12 deficiency should be ruled out.
Complications typically develop over time and can be severe or
even life-threatening. However, a rapid-onset, postoperative
myeloneuropathy due to nitrous oxide anesthesia that inactivates
marginal B12 stores has been described (18).
The presence of ataxia, altered tendon reflexes, Romberg's sign,
and extensor plantar reflexes suggests subacute combined
degeneration (ie, involvement of posterior or lateral columns of the
spinal cord, or both).
Neurologic features may improve rapidly with therapy, and damaged
axons may regenerate (10,19). The window of opportunity to initiate
treatment to reverse or minimize complications is narrow. Vitamin B12
deficiency should be considered in the initial workup of patients with
dementia and psychiatric disorders (20,21).